Glossary of terminology commonly used in mining and reclamation technology acid mine drainage. Underground mining methods are usually employed when the depth of the deposit andor the waste to ore ratio stripping ratio are. The glossary of mining terminology is a living document that will continue to be improved as the industry develops and inuktitut speakers become. By kay cichini this article was first published on thebiobucket, and kindly contributed to rbloggers. Making a term document matrix from an excel file using r. Reading and text mining a pdffile in r dzone big data.
Development includes all geological, engineering and economic work necessary to ensure profitable mining and compliance with applicable laws. In metal mines, the amount of ore is usually expressed in either metric tons kg. Mining data from pdf files with python dzone big data. What follows are the typical phases of a proposed mining project. The glossary of mining terminology is a first attempt to improve inuktitut terminology in the resource development field. Government agencies are required by law upon request to share any documents, including electronic documents, with the public.
A need for resilience and innovation 29 november 2017 corporate leadership our blueprint for the future of sustainable mining march 2018 corporate leadership a new world of geoscience data. Bar claims gold found in in low collections of sand, or gravel, in rivers, exposed at low water. A horizontal mine working which allows access to the ore body. Analysts can then take these statfolios and edit them to meet their particular needs. Commonly used for drilling largediameter blastholes in open. Text mining and terminology management in biomedicine. In mining, the use of cyanide in water, or other chemical, that is applied on top of finely crushed ore to dissolve and extract the desired metal typically gold or copper. You can report issue about the content on this page here want to share your content on r. Dzone big data zone mining data from pdf files with python. Here is an rscript that reads a pdffile to r and does some text mining with it. Chapter 1introduction to text mining for biology s.
The handbook is a notforprofit publication intended to help the mining companies we serve, as well as the mining community at largestudents, teachers, consultants, contractors, manufacturers, sales people, media representatives, financial institutions, mining associations, and government officials. Concentrate a product containing a valuable mineral or metal and from which most of the waste material has been removed. Roomandpillar mining a method of mining flatlying ore deposits in which the minedout area, or rooms, are separated by pillars of approximately the same size. Mining data from pdf files with python by steven lott feb. Geology, exploration and mining terminology canada. The aim of the glossary is to clarify some technical words associated with resource development using everyday language. Rotary drill a machine that drills holes by rotating a rigid, tubular string of drill rods to which is attached a bit. Hoist the machine used for raising and lowering the cage or other conveyance in a shaft. And, mining taking place in rock that requires drilling and blasting in order to extract the ore. This data is much simpler than data that would be datamined, but it will serve as an example. Metal mining and the environment american geosciences institute.
Users can build generic statfolios that access selected r procedures. Exploration and mining guide for aboriginal communities. These deposits form a mineralized package that is of economic interest to the miner. This is a loose term implying any fatal gas in a mine after an explosion or fire. A trading glossary is available in the pgm prices section terms appearing in italics are also defined within the glossary if you would like to suggest changes or additions to the glossary please contact us. It has many applications of which few of them are market analysis, customer retention, fraud detection, science exploration, disease analysis etc. Classification of surface mining methods together with the. Classification of underground mining methods mineral production in which all extracting operations are conducted beneath the ground surface is termed underground mining. It refers to extraction of desired information from huge data available in or databases. Dictionary of mining, mineral, and related terms, 2nd edition. As a verb, it refers to selective mining of the best ore in a deposit.
The glossary of mining terminology is a living document that will continue to be improved as the industry develops and inuktitut speakers become more accustomed to the language used by the industry. Barren contract a contract vein, or a place in the contract vein, which has no mineral. After damp gasses resulting from underground combustion, normally carbon monoxide. Some words were in use throughout the coalfields, some are historic and some are local to the different british coalfields. By participating in this project for example, by submitting a pull request with suggestions or edits you agree to abide by its terms. Metalliferous mining training package mnm99 volume iii of iii volume i introduction, assessment guidelines, qualifications plus core and open cut competency standards. A tidy approach, by julia silge and david robinson please note that this work is written under a contributor code of conduct and released under a ccbyncsa license. It is a company at a phase of activity ranging from confirmation of a mineral deposit to the decision to build a mine. We presents a terminology mining method based on linguistic criteria and combined computational methods. Mining has become prominent in this area because of the existence of copper lodes, veins and veinlets. The new interface between statgraphics and r makes it possible to construct scripts and save them in statfolios. This mixture can be discharging from an active mine or abandoned mine. Which metal is used in the largest quantity in a mobile phone.
This document does not necessarily represent the commissions official position. Ores recovered by mining include metals, coal, oil shale, gemstones, limestone, chalk, dimension stone, rock salt, potash, gravel, and clay. Dictionary of mining, mineral, and related terms published on cdrom in. Signifies the average number of grams of gold au contained within one metric tonne of rock. This is a partial glossary of coal mining terminology commonly used in the coalfields of the united kingdom. Solution mining for any mineral that is in or may be. Most of the mining terminology is introduced in the sections of this book where they are most applicable. M37542012epdf online isbn 9781100214306 this guide is also available on the internet at.
Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, reef or placer deposit. It is the culmination of a 5year effort incorporating not only standard miningrelated terms but also terms in peripheral areas, such as the environment, marine mining, leaching, pollution, automation, health and safety. Each phase of mining is associated with different sets of environmental impacts. Highgrader one who steals rich ore, especially gold, from a mine. Dictionary of mining, mineral and related terms by edumine. Assaying finding the percentage of a given metal in ore or bullion. It was therefore necessary to assess these selected metals associated with copper mining as their concentration has a tendency to affect the environment and human health. Air shaft a vertical opening into a mine for the passage of air. Many of these terms now have a legal definition based on law or regulation. I nformation contained in this publication or product may be reproduced, in part or in whole, and by.
Wermter chapter 3 lexical, terminological and ontological resources for biological text mining o. Mcnaught chapter 2levels of natural language processing for text mining u. The metals and mining sector is the industry dedicated to the location and extraction of metal and mineral reserves around the world. Mining those extracts metallic minerals such as copper, lead, zinc, silver, and gold. The terminology used and the opinions expressed in this document may not be. Metal is a good conductor of heat and forms cations and ionic bonds with nonmetals. The two industries ranked together as the primary or basic industries of early civilization. Hematite an oxide of iron, and one of that metals most common ore minerals. A abutment in coalmining, 1 the weight of the rocks above a narrow roadway is transferred to the solid coal along the sides, which act as abutments of the arch of strata spanning the roadway. Water mixed with sulfuric acid and having a ph of less than 6. Larger companies in this industry are vertically integrated. A dictionary of mining, mineral and related terms, presented online by edumine. Chute an inclined channel through which ore slides chopping the rock that appears on the surface indicating the presence of a lode claim a piece of land 25 to 300 feet wide and 1,500 feet long, which the government sells to the man who finds mineral within its limits conglomerate pudding stones, composed of gravel and pebble cemented together. Borehole a vertical shaft drilled in ground, usually for the purpose of collecting soil samples, groundwater samples, or rock cores.
This pdf is a selection from an outofprint volume from the national bureau of economic research volume title. Cycle mining a system of mining in more than one working place at a time, that is, a miner takes a lift from the face and moves to another face while permanent roof support is established in the previous working face. Ritchieand ray hooker the authors present a glossary of mining terminology commonly used in australia and new zealand. It also produces iron ores, rare earth metals, and precious metals and stones. Text mining refers to the process of parsing a selection or corpus of text in order to identify certain aspects, such as the most frequently occurring word. Mining terms pages in category mining terminology the following 9 pages are in this category, out of 9 total. Dictionary of mining, mineral and related terms an edumine tool 110 characters search. The definitions and useages come from historical and contemporary sources and consideration is given to those. The mining glossary provides a reference source for pgm mining terminology used on this site and elsewhere. Caval ridge coal mine project environmental impact statement page 1 glossary, abbreviations and units glossary term definition airlift yield volume of water per unit of time blown from the borehole during drilling ls. The fundamental documents in all stages of mine planning. An adit is an underground level or tunnel to the surface for access or drainage purposes. This pdf is a selection from an outofprint volume from.9 538 253 1050 772 1217 1341 216 547 520 1241 1363 655 901 508 225 115 699 1184 1143 60 515 924 1370 500 1184 527 129 1483 1360 115 1240 1319 1462 1425